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NYS Comptroller


The Academy for New York State's Local Officials

Protecting the Public’s Interest: A Tutorial on Local Government Ethics and Transparency in New York State

Module 1 - Conflict of Interest of Municipal Officers and Employees

Violations of Article 18

What are the consequences of violating Article 18?

  • If a municipal contract is willfully entered into, and a municipal officer or employee has a prohibited interest in the contract, the contract is null, void, and wholly unenforceable. No payment is allowed to be made on the contract.
  • If a municipal officer or employee willfully and knowingly violates the provisions of Article 18 relating to interests in contracts, the individual is guilty of a misdemeanor. Being convicted of this misdemeanor has served as the basis for removing an elected official from office.

Let's listen to what Mark has to say about the consequences of violations.

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(Text for Video - Violations of Article 18)

  Next: Module One Summary