New York City Economic and Fiscal Monitoring

nyc skyline

New York City Economic and Fiscal Monitoring

The Office of the State Deputy Comptroller for the City of New York monitors New York City's fiscal condition, assists the New York State Financial Control Board, and regularly reports on the City's financial plans, major budgetary and policy issues; economic and economic development trends, and budgetary and policy issues affecting public authorities in the region, including the Metropolitan Transportation Authority. For questions, contact us at [email protected].

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Featured Dashboards

A view of buildings in New York City

New York City Industry Sector Dashboards

Monthly updates track the City’s economic recovery

The COVID-19 pandemic hit New York City particularly hard, causing massive job losses at major employers such as restaurants, hotels and retail stores. These dashboards follow a series of reports released over the past two years tracking economic data and the effect of the pandemic on these critical sectors and will help identify areas of weakness as well as positive developments.

Arts, Entertainment and Recreation Sector

Construction Sector

Office Sector

Restaurant Sector

Retail Sector

Securities Sector

Tourism Sector

Transportation and Warehousing Sector

MTA bus picking up riders at a stop.

Fare Revenue Considerations for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority

Economic and Policy Insights

The Metropolitan Transportation Authority (MTA) has long faced difficulties closing projected budget gaps, which have been exacerbated by the pandemic, necessitating an unprecedented level of federal funding to maintain service operations. The MTA had been previously encouraged to examine cost and revenue efficiencies but those alone are unlikely to close the more than $2.5 billion annual gap that will remain when federal pandemic relief is exhausted in 2025, forcing the MTA to lay out savings and revenue options for its stakeholders to consider.

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Teenager girl talking and a woman and a disabled wheel-chaired man as they walk across the street together.

Update on New York City Staffing Trends

Decline in City Workforce Largest Since the Great Recession

Attrition outpaces hiring among New York City’s municipal workforce, which could have an impact on critical City services and programs. The City’s full-time workforce declined by 19,113 employees over the last two years, the largest decline in staffing since the Great Recession of 2008. Despite the City hiring over 40,000 new employees in the last fiscal year, City job vacancies stand at more than 21,000.

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Desks in an empty classroom.

A Comparative Assessment of New York City’s Federal Pandemic Education Aid

Big Five Schools' Use of Pandemic Aid Reflects Different Priorities

New York’s "Big Five" school districts in New York City, Yonkers, Buffalo, Syracuse and Rochester received $8.6 billion in federal pandemic relief funds, but there are sizeable differences in how school districts are using the funds. New York City has directed a smaller share of its total allocation toward addressing the academic impacts of the pandemic. The City, and all districts, can improve reporting linking educational outcomes for all of its students with their use of these historic federal education funds.

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Construction worker walking in a underground subway tunnel

10 Years After Superstorm Sandy: Tracking MTA Capital Spending

Progress made on nearly $8 billion in projects

Ten years ago, Superstorm Sandy made landfall in New York, causing catastrophic devastation to Long Island and New York City. One of the key organizations involved in the recovery and the planning of responses to future climate events is the MTA, whose assets were substantially impacted by the storm. This analysis tracks MTA’s progress on projects focused on rebuilding and strengthening elements affected by Superstorm Sandy and discusses what more can be done to better protect the system from new disasters.

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A street sign on Wall Street

The Securities Industry in New York City

Wall St. Profits Return to Pre-Pandemic Levels

Following near-record profitability in 2020, securities industry pretax profits rose even further in 2021. As federal stimulus actions have wound down, profits in 2022 are returning to pre-pandemic levels. New York State and City are reliant on tax revenues from the industry and must be cautious in managing their budgets given continued uncertainty in the financial markets. Though national sector employment has grown recently, the City’s share of national sector employment continued to decline slightly.

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Comptroller DiNapoli speaks at a podium

The Technology Sector in New York City

Tech Boom Partially Offset City's Pandemic Job Losses

Technology sector employment in New York City increased by 33.6% (43,430 jobs) from 2016 to 2021 to reach a record high of 172,570 jobs. The city’s private sector lost 3.3% of jobs during this same period. Businesses in the tech sector also grew, accounting for 22.3 percent of the City’s total private firms added during the same period. Most of these firms consisted of fewer than 10 employees and contributed to the citywide growth in microbusinesses during the pandemic.

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Two young women on subway platform

Financial Outlook for the Metropolitan Transportation Authority

MTA Outlook Shows Growing Need for New Funding as Budget Gaps Widen

Over the last year, the fiscal position of the MTA has deteriorated, as transit ridership continued to lag at the low end of the authority’s projections. The MTA has two years to bring back riders and rebuild fare revenue before federal aid runs out. In the meantime, it must develop plans to cover budget gaps that start at $2.5 billion in 2025.

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nyc skyline

A Comparison of Fiscal Recovery Funds Utilization: NYC and Peers

NYC Put Federal Funds to Work Quickly To Shore Up Budget and Drive Recovery

The American Rescue Plan Act of 2021 provided $350 billion in additional fiscal relief to address the continued impact of COVID-19 on the economy, public health, and the finances of state and local governments, individuals and businesses. This report examines how New York City and other local governments across the country used the first of two partial payments of these funds, totaling nearly $224 billion.

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A view of the Rockaway Bridge from the pier.

An Economic and Demographic Snapshot of The Rockaways

The Peninsula Shows Signs of Recovery After Pandemic Setback

Communities in the Rockaways were some of the hardest hit by the pandemic. Despite the challenges, local economic indicators have slowly improved as the pandemic has worn on, with the number of Rockaways businesses growing in 2020 and 2021. Since the City’s reopening following the height of the pandemic, local stakeholders in the Rockaways have made concerted efforts to promote economic recovery and improved environmental conditions, with a focus on mitigating the impact of extreme climate events.

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Charts showing the drop in funding for New York City's agencies

Identifying Fiscal Cliffs in New York City’s Financial Plan


New York City’s published financial plan includes funding for some recurring spending initiatives for only a limited period, creating additional risks to already identified budget gaps. The Office of the State Comptroller has created a tool to identify sources and uses of funds for City programs that are not fully funded during the remaining years of the City’s financial plan.

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Subway Ridership Dashboard

impact of the covid-19 pandemic on subway ridership

Comptroller DiNapoli has launched an interactive online tool of subway ridership that details where straphangers are, and are not, returning to the subway system, alongside neighborhood and local demographics, employment and income. While many New Yorkers and businesses turned to telecommuting to protect themselves from the virus, others have not had that luxury. As a result, ridership as a percentage of pre-COVID levels has remained much higher in lower-income neighborhoods than in wealthy ones.

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